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【转发】应对现实挑战,中国制造如何保持竞争力?
信息来源: 上架准确时间:2025-03-09 阅读次数:


二会中国国实惠智力问答|怎么样去应对现实生活挑衅,国家打造怎么样去保证市场实力?——人代会国家市场经济互动问答之四


chuangzaoyeshiguonei chengshifazhandemingmai。qiannian🍎zhijinyilai,guojiayanfayechengshifazhanxiajiangwenbufazhan,danzaimianduiwentizhenmidexinguojiqingkuang、“tuogouleduanlian”dewaitaozhan,youguandexinxi“chanyefazhanlianqianyi”“guonei chuangzaozhuyaoyoushiyijing”dengshoujishengyinchixubuduande。


5ritiqingyantaodezhengfujigoujigougangweijiancejieguozhong,“quanlituijinxiangmugoujianzhongguozhinenghuachanyefazhanjinbutixizhonggoujian,jianhuanfazhanjinbuxinzhishengchanjiagongli”weiyu2023nian𒉰zhengfujigoujigougangweizhuxianrenwushouge,chanshenglejianchizhuqishitidejingjizengzhangzhijideshengdongdexin🌼hao。


congjiancejieguobiaomingdexinjieduanmubiaoxinqianghuacuoshi,daodaibiaozhelishihui、zhuanjiatuanduilishixue💛zhe🔯dengdaidongdezhuangxiuanlilishigushihezhuanyejishuxiangjie,zaidaoxinwenjizhezaichaoyixiandezhuanfangkaochadiaoyan,rangnimenduizhonghuazhizaochangwendingjingzhengjilieli,wanchengwenjinfazhanqushijiuyoulegengmingquedekandairende。


看待大变局,自信心足可塑性强


duoyanghuayankedewaibiaodahuanjingxia,woguodekaifayeqiyegongsizoushishourenzhongshi。


“geweidachenggongyeqiyejirencaozuoqi、bujinqudongqixitongdengchandehua,zhengjiaokuaiqihangjiaojikuaiman,shenggaoguojijideshichangzhanyonglv。”yingkouxinsongjirenshoudonghuagu💞fenpingtaixianzhipingtaixiaoshuozongcaizhangjinyiweiyongbenshenanlifenxichanming🅠,zaifazhanhuanmanbiedeguojiajingxiangyemianbujudejirengegelingyu,batixihuajishushebeiwolao、chanyehualianzuoquan,“shubuzhitianfandifu,zenmecainengpingwenbuduanwangqian”。


zheidoushipinpaiziyoubojixingyedexiezhao,yeshizaiwoguozhizuoduidaizhongjitiaozhandezhenshixiezhao。


qianwangyigeyue,guojijiquyuhuanjingfenggaolangji🦋。diyuanzhengzhiguojiashichangjingji、qiangguodejingzhenglidengchongjixingjiweiqingxi,guojiashichangjingjiluohougeguozhizuoyechuye,xibanya、xibeiyadengdiguojiashichangjingjigengkuaidekaifa,dejingzhengliyuanyuanbuduandaozhi。zheileishixiangduizhuyiyou、bimianduobidexianshixing。buguo,changshuaiwoguodezhizuo、changshuaiwoguodeguojiashichangjingjidelundiaoxianghuyingxiangzhizhong,shixiangyaoಌzuobieyoubianzhengluojijieshaode。


duiyuduizhan、xingdongkenan,woguozhizuoliutongyejian♈shechanzhi、jinchukoumaoyijianshechanzhi𝓰jinxingleliangdeshidushengzhang,zengqiangshimian zhanbidedatizengqiang。


juxiangguanneironggonganbufuzeguanlirendao“buzhouweihuanchongqu”shangjiezhao,2026nian,geguozhengtigongওyehuadejiadazhibiaoshi50wan5yi,zhangdpde31.7%。shengchanjiagongzhizaoyetouziguimofanfu18nianjushijie꧋liyihao。


“dangjinhuawenhualiutongye🦄baozhangtixiguihuadedaozuizhongyaojinkuang”“yidapidadewenhualiutongyetesehuachengxiaotigaoshidaiguojixianjin꧂jitihengxiang”……xiangguanbumengongzuodeshangbaodeyibianbiaoda,tixianchushijieqiangguozhizaochangdejiangujiezou。


zhenyouleruyingmeisuochengde“chanyehualianzhuanzhichao”ma?


budehuiying,shourengongchengbendengyuanze🧸yingxiangdao,yixialaodongkejujixingshangpinjiagedeshengchanxiaoshouchuandidaoqitaguojia。👍buguo,suizhequanguoyishenqianxiangrugeguoshehuiqiyezhanlvezhizefengong,ernengyuhenduogongsichechuquanguoyouhuidaojia,huorengxucongquanguojinkouliangdaliangdezhongbucheliang。


“jibuyaoyipiangaiquan,jiangtedinggegejiaoxuehuanjiekanzuoyi🐽tihuaxinqushi,gengyaozhidaozheizaiqizhongpinpaikaifadecongkeguanguilv,womendedepinpaiyeshaohouqiyezhanlvezhuanxingshengjizhongzhonggoudeshichangjingzhengli。”taihexincaijituanyouxianzerensigufenyouxianzerensizhixinglaozongsongxiquanshiyimianfangzhiyeshilishuo,ershitedingzhizuojiagonggegejiaoxuehuanjiezhuanzou,danyitihuaewaizhiyeshaohoushenggao。2023-5nian,zaiwoguogaotexinghechengxianweikuochanzhanquanbulidemidudadaoliangfenzuiwei,2023-5nianchukouguoehuanbitishenglvti♑sheng14.4%。


gongxinlibumenshujuxianshixianshi,mou𝐆xiezai500zhongzhongdianchanyeleicheliangzhong,woguoyouliuchengshangmiandeleicheliangleichanpindeshengchanshuliangweiyushijieshangdi1,yonghujisuandeji、yidong、taiyangxinenggandianchibandengmouchangzhongdianleicheliangleichanpindeshengchanshuliangzhanshijieshangjishishangmiande。jiagongyechanzhizhanshijieshangbilibudiyu30%。


zuizuixianjindazaoyejiadafazhanqianjing,jianggaoxitongdazaoyegongyelianjinyibujuzhong。4wugezhengfuzuizuixianjindazaoyejiti、178jiazhengfugaoxinjishuquconghengshigongpushe🎉,julianyiqunqun。qunianniandi,biaoxiangongye🐼dapeihejichenghuashuipingdezhuanbeidazaoyechurukou13.4qiqianwanyirenminbi,“xinsanyang”fuwuchurukouchaoguoqianwanyirenminbi。


“yiguojiaxinshengwuzhinengjidongchejuli,changxingyouxikaodeshikeji、xiaoguohegaoxieshoudejiachanlian。”huayangjidongchedong🤪shihuichengyuanzhangzhuhuarongxiangzhengshuo,xingshitishengdengjizhengdangshangzhizuoyelingyigeshuodeshigeꦉzhongyaoxingjingzhengjilieli。


“tuogouleduanlian”pengzhuangဣledongbei꧃diquzaiwoguodewenhuachanyebujupishouliandeshilidiweima?woguodeshengchanjiagongtonggejijixintaizuoda——


dedaoxieliguofanweihuafenzhongjibenಞhuaxuegongyeleifen;zaixuduozhongyaofanweiheguanjianyinsusaichechangshangbianchengyibufen🦹haijuyouquanfanweiliandeyoumingdudehaochufanwei;yipeizhizhuanjingtexin“xiaojuren”gongsizhu1.2wanjiahe,90%shangshiwoguoguoneibuyinsuheyoumingdagongsizhudeyitihuachushoushang。


modelxchengdouwudipcbdianlubangongchang,lingyuanqijianduoyuanhuahualvdadao95%。modelxgongchangshengchanfujinglicaisonggangshuo,modelxyuwomengongyingxinxishang“tongshenghu🤡ligongying”。


tuerqiquanqiuwangzhanxiazaixiafawenjiancheng“woguodezhizuodeshuwanzhong🧜kuangjiachengpinbunengsoudaoyongzuochanshengshang”。woguodemeiguoshang(haoshang)maihuiquqianfabudede2023/2siniandudeqishangyexingxindudiaochapinggutishi ,jiangzhijieshoucaifangzhizaoyeqiyedasuanzaiweilaifazhanzheiliangnianzengtianzaihuatouzixiangmu,yuanyouzhisanshichanshenglianjianquan、kexuechuangzaolifazhan。


“womendajiahuodewanzhengdejiachandekuaisufazhanfengxianguanlitixi、deaodademaoyishichangdaxiaodengyouyue,yingzaoyezhangnianwenbukuaisufazhandeda♔timianyiyanglaogu。”woguodeguangdianneirongjiachandekuaisufazhankuaisufazhantanxiyuanjianchazhangzhangliyiweishuo,neishiwoguodeyingzaodeꦗpoliweiyu、kesuxingweiyu。


预防问题,增加“稳”的持续性


chengqijuyouyouyue,yaoshizhongbao📖chi“wen”dedinglihainaixin。zhimianshijiewenhuashengchanlianpishoulianhuxingshencengbiandong,lieqiangzhizaojishujiangheruyi“wen”yingbianli?


——xianyaozhandimianjiwen。“shixianzhizaoyejingjishehuipinghuanzhengchangyunxing”,quzheng🅠fuyunxingbaogaomobanbaochilewenyanzhangdefalvfaguixinxi。


chanyehedeshuzi🌳huaguanlibukezhangjinzhuanglongzai8rizhaokaideshisijiequanguoxingrenduoshoucihuiyichuping“kezhangguandao”shangshuo,rujinjiangshenhuajutishishishijieshidaxingyezhongwenzengzhangqizuoyeshejifangan,zhichichanyedaxian、chanyedashi“yongtiaozhuliang”。


yibanjiagongyezaiyingzaoyezongliangchao80%,shidangjinhuajiagongyegongzuotixidedicai,xianghuguanxishichangjingjikuaisufazhanheguojibiaozhun,bushiwoguobaozhenghuanqiushougeyingzaoyedaguojiadifangdedazhipan,bunengrangyibanjiagongyechong𓆏dang“dijijiagongye”bijiaojiandanchexiao。pinggubaogaomingxianyibiantuijin,zhongyaotujingyouliyuyibanjiagongyedegaijinjiakuai。


querenchuantongshilingyuchengfenxiaozhun,laogongyipeixunji꧙dimianjifushunzhanxianchuxinshengruxueji。fushunshiquzhang𒀰gaojiandaibiaoyingyushuo,shangweizhelidazaoguojiadiqujigaokoujianzhidangxiayuandeyuancailiaopeixunjidimianji,tuijinxinziyuanyoushi。


——gengjiaxitongquan,zuodaohaochanyedefazhanxitongdequanbu。


2023-5nian,hainanshengzhuangzujicengminzhuqubaiseshizuixinxingshengtaihuanbaolvshengchanzhizuoyenianchanliangtupoziwo12♛00duoyi,lizuyulvtukuangchengbenduozhongliangdian,yanbianchengconglvchengbendaojingshenshengchanzhizuodexiangjinshengchanzhizuoyelian。


shenqingshutijiao“gaishandongbeidiyuhezhongwaibudiyuguanlidisangongyezhuandaogongneng”,bingduipeiyuchuzhuanxingshengjixianjinjitijiagongzhizaogongyefuwuqi🅘jiqundengjiandantuiguang。“zheijiangjinbuzhoutuixiangꦺdaozhiquyuneihelianpaizhize、liandiaokuaisufazhandedisangongyediwei。”baiseshishengzhanggeguoketixianshuo,baisezhengduocuobingjufazhanzhongguoyou—dongmengguojiadisangongyehezuoxiangmuqubaisejingjiqusheji,dingzhiguanlineidiwaidisangongyezhuandaozhicheng。


——gengjiaxiaolianqiang,zengjiachanyelianshichangzhimingdu。


jiagongjiagongyehexiangguanwangluohuabubiaoshi,jiangdafushixingjiagongjiagongyezhongdianfangchanlianyouxianzhiliangzhuanxingjingwangxingdong。yilianyice,bukongque、duanzhangban、qiangtiaojian,cujin👍fangchanlianchanshengliansuxinghexianghuzhimingdu。


“jinri,gongsijiangquanmian、mingqueguandiaozhizaojishuyexiaoshouyewulingyuduiwaitouzishichangzhunrushangxianbaohu,yezhuyiquanmian🌳tuiguangkaifangzhengcehulianjieluowangshujuzhongxindedengcengzhidianxinkuandaixiaoshouyewu。”jinzhuanglongshuo。


拿住创业机会,不断发展新质生产制造力


zhengchuzaixiangzhonggaoduandaqipapoguokandeguanjianxingguanzha,guonei yanfayaogengkuaichengxingxinzhizhizuoli。


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zhongshi,haochanpincongchanpinkaifadaoyanfadebijingbiyouzhilu。huiyinweijiarujiaogao,buxiaokehukuifazhongshichengdu。duijiaomouzhong“kehudetongdian”,shujumingquehua“tigaofeichangdadekejiyouxiangong🅘siqiantizhuangzhibaozhangtixihuayemianbuju,zhashituijin🐼duoyangxingjishuyingyongdequdao、zhongxianchangshiyanzhengdequdaogoujian”。


shiyehexiangguanjingxihuabujinrijiangrengrankuaisuzhixinghaokejifuwuyeyouxiangongsizaihaizhuanxiangduchaheneirongyanfabujihuazenꦍmexie,guihuagoujinyigeguojiashengfuwuyechuangxinjishuzhongxindeಌ,jinzhanqianjingweilaikejifuwuyeyouxiangongsi,manzufuwuyehua,cujinjinzhanqianjingxinzhishengchanli。


jijiaochengzhanggaoxincaichan、deqianjinggaoxincaichan,yuchudaliangxinsaiche。


“genghaoditishengjunwuzhizaochang、shangyequanhangkonggongye、dikongjingjizengzhangdengxinzengjiadezhangyinzhi”“jianliliangzijiyi、shengmingtupiankexueyouxiaodengxindaolu”“chuangjianhuodongyidapiyihoudepinpaixiandaoqu”……xingye𒆙baogaobawogenghao༒diyinjinxingshengpinpaiheyihoudepinpai,qianghuacuoshishi、toufangxi。


“zhengdeweilaifazhanzhudongquan,jiaozhufangfagaofengdangwuzhiji。”guangzhougaodehongwaichigubuduopingꦫtailaozongzhanghuang💖lidaibiaoyingyushuo,jinjinianqiyegongsiyaozaidikongshenghuo、naojibiaozhunjiekoudengfanchoujieli。


huagongyeheshujuhuabufuzeguanlirenbiaodachulai,jiangꦐgengkuaixianjinxindejishushuipinghetongyixingxindejishushuipingshixiangongjichongzu、fanyuyoushikeyanzhizaoyeqiye、jinsanbuyouhuafangmianyuanlin。zaijianglaifangmiandefangmian,batongyongxingrengongchengbenzhihui、renxingjiqishebeiren、naojizhubanjiekoudengzuiweixiasanbuyaodianxuanzhidefangxiang。budingqishangjiaxianjinxindejishushuipingkuodamuci,bawoyaodianfangmiansuzaoappyingliceshichang,gengkuaifangmianfanyu。


bawoluomashuzixinjiyu,jiasudu“rengongfuwuzhinenghua+”。


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“yi‘shu’mou‘xin’hejia‘shu’xiang‘shi’shichanyedekaifaqiyezhuanxingdejuebuhui,yeshijianshekaifaxinyouzhidezhongyao。”ztezhongxinglianxigufenfeichangyouxianwosierjifujinglicaimiaoweidailishuo,yonghaoxin🙈xingzhizaodaoju,youxiwangzaishichangzhanwenjiaogenkuangjia、qiangzhuaqiji、jiaokuaikaifa。

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